If you have been in Rome at least once, you cannot say you haven’t seen such a particular monument. Occupying a surface of 717 000 square meters, the Vittoriano is the colossal monument which dominates Piazza Venezia.
The National monument of Victor Emmanuel II or Vittoriano is an Italian monumental complex, started in 1885 and finished in 1935. Two were the contests announced for the construction of the Vittoriano. After the choice of the project, designed by the second classified at the first contest, it was also chosen the heart of the ancient Rome as the destined place: the hill of the Campidoglio, nowadays connected to the modern Rome thanks to the streets departing from the square.
In occasion of the events related to the International Expo in Turin and to the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the Italian Unity, the Vittoriano was inaugurate and open to the public in 1911.
Imagined as a modern foro (the central place in every Roman city), the Vittoriano is developed on three levels connected by stairways and dominated by a portico characterized by a colonnade. Furthermore, it has a great symbolic and representative meaning: a representation celebrating in the imperial Rome the Italian Risorgimento or rather the complex process of national unity and liberation from the foreign domination brought to conclusion by King Victor Emmanuel II, which monument is devoted.
But who was this great character of the Italian history?
Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy (March 14th 1820 – January 9th 1878) is still today indicated as the “Father of the Fatherland”. He assumed the title of “king of Italy, for God’s grace and wish of the nation”. He was the high standing figure during the Italian Risorgimento because during his reign, Italy was for the very first time united.
Looking at the Vittoriano, in the middle of the monument, there is a laic temple metaphorically dedicated to a free, united and celebrant Italy: the Altare della Pace. Since its inauguration, the Altare della Pace was the theatre of many important and commemorative moments, in fact annually Italians pay homage to the tomb of the Milite Ignoto by laying down a laurel wreath in memory of the fallen and lost Italians during the wars.
What does this tomb represent?
After the First World War, the Altare della Pace was chosen to house the tomb of the Milite Ignoto that is the sepulture of an Italian soldier died during the war and whose identity still remains unknown due to the serious injuries reported. For this reason, its represents all of the Italian soldiers died during the conflict and also the symbol of the sacrifice and national ideals.
Another art work was dedied to Victor Emmanuel II, the only non-symbolic representation of the Vittoriano. Situated above the Altare della Pace, the equestrian statue was the first work realized and the architectural heart of the entire monument. Through this choice, the aim was to glorify the Father of the Fatherland highlighting his martial and civic virtues, since capable to control his war horse or his primordial instincts.
What does make even more beautiful the visit to the Vittoriano?
Its magnificent “Terrazza delle Quadrighe”. Quadriga is a car or cario drawn by four hourses abreast, it can be identified as the emblem of triumph,victory or fame. Two statues of goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas are situated at the two extremities of the terrace. Easily reached through two panoramic elevators, from this beautiful terrace you can admire Rome at 360°.
Don’t miss the chance of such a view! Join our Easy Entrance Colosseum and Vittoriano Tour and get ready to be impressed!